IMPORTANT ORGANISATIONS & PACTS

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January 20, 2020 0 Comments

PPSC PREPARATION

Name Founded Member     Headquarter
  • ADB- 1986- | Philippines
  • Arab League- 1945-  22-       Cairo
  • ASEAN-   |      Aug 8, 1967- 9- | Jakarta, founded at Bangkok.
  • COMECON-   1948- Havana.
  • Colombo Plan-            1st July 1951- Colombo (Srilanka)
  • Common Wealth-       1931-  53-       London.
  • Council of Europe-      1949-  34-       Strasbourg.
  • CIS-     Jan 1991-        12-
  • D8-      15 June 1997- Founded at Turkey, HQ Turkey.
  • ECO-  Jan 1985-        8-         Tehran.

GCC- 1981- 6- Riyadh
  ICJ-   1951-   Geneva.
ICRC- 1883- Geneva.
  • Interpol            1956    Lyon (France)
  • NAM    1961
  • OIC     22 to 25 Sep 1969-     56- Jeddah established in Rabat (Morocco).
  • SAARC           8, 1985- 7-       8          Katmandu-      established at Dhaka.
  • NATO- 1949    Brussels.
  • SEATO           Sep 8, 1954 founder at Manila, ended in 1977.
  • UNO    24 Oct 1945    New York.
  • Warsaw Pact 14th May 1955. Dissolved in 1991.
  • Term of non-permanent members of the Security Council is 2 years.
  • General Assembly and Security Council appoints the judges of International Court of Justice.
  • RCD was changed to ECO in Jan 1985.
  • G-8 was established on 22 September 1985. G-8 was originally the G-5 but was expanded when Canada, Italy and Russia jointed in June 1997.
    • European Union came in to being on January 1, 2000, EU adopted Euro currency in 2001. Its head quarter is in Brussels (Belgium).
    • International Energy Agency was founded in 1974; its head quarter is in Paris (France).
  • International Olympic Committee was formed in 1984; its head quarter is in Lausanne (Switzerland).
  • The head quarter of international Red Cross and Red Crescent is in Geneva (Switzerland).
  • Organization of Petroleum and Exporting Countries was founded in Baghdad in 1960; its head quarter is in Vienna (Austria).
    • The organization of Economic Cooperation and Development was founded in 1961; its head quarter is in Paris (France).
    • The world council of churches was established in 1948 in Amsterdam (Netherlands), its headquarter is in Geneva (Switzerland).
    • North American Free Trade Agreement, its origin lies in the free trade agreement signed by the USA and Canada in 1989.
    • The organization of African Unity was founded in 1963; its head quarter is in Addis Ababa (Ethiopia).
  • The organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries was founded in 1968, its headquarter is in Cairo (Egypt).

  • Organization of American State was founded in 1948; its heat quarter is in Washington DC (USA).
  • There are 76 countries in WTO.
  • China became the member of the World Trade Organization on 11 December 2001
  • OPANAL stands for Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America.
  • OPANAL was formed on 2nd December, 1969, its headquarter is in Mexico City.
  • OECS stands of Organization of Eastern Caribbean States, established on 18th June, 1981.
  • The head quarter of OECS is in Casries (St. Lucia).
  • UN has 6 principle organs.
  • Security Council has 5 permanent members.
  • The Economic and Social Council acts as coordinating body for the numerous specialized agencies created by the UN. The council has 54 members elected for the term of 3 years.
    • The international court of justice comprises 15 judges.
  • The IBRD was established in 27th Dec 1945.
  • Steel Pact was signed between Italy and Germany on 22nd May 1939 at Berlin.
  • Camp David Accord made between Egypt and Israel on 17 Sep 1978.
  • Locarno pact signed on 16th October, 1925, signed at Locarno.
  • Four Power Pact was signed on 16th July, 1933 at Paris.
  • CENTO was signed on 24th Feb, 1955 in Baghdad.
  • Balkan Pact was signed on 9th Feb, 1934.
  • Eisenhower Doctrine was announced in 1957.
  • Entente Cordiale was formed in April 1904, the agreement was signed between England and France.
  • Dawes Plan was introduced in 1924.
  • CTBT opened for signature from Sep 24, 1996.
  • KELLOGG-Briand pact was signed by 15 states on 27th August, 1928, it was signed in Paris.
  • Rio Summit was held in Rio-de-Janero on 14th 1992.
  • According to the young plan (1929) announced after the first world war Germany was required to pay 100 million dollars in installments.
    • UN’s resolution 1441about Iraq was passed in Nov 2002.
  • Amnesty International is an international organization which works for the release of the political prisoners. It was established by peter Bomenson in the year of 1961.

  • In 1941 the Atlantic Charter was signed by Churchill and Roosevelt.
  • Truman Doctrine—— announced on 12 March 1947 about the security of Greece and Turkey.
  • USSR and its allies signed Warsaw pact in the year 1955.
  • The famous Dumbarton Oaks conference, which formulated proposals about UN charter, was held in Dec 1944.
    • On 14th August 1941, US president F.D Roosevelt and British Premier W. Churchill signed the Atlantic Charter on a battle ship.
    • Veraillies Treaty was signed in 1919.
  • Bostan Tea party tool place in 1773.
  • The civil right act which was passed in USA in 1964 was the result of the March of 250000 people organized by Martin Luther king in 1963.
    • The famous XYZ affair tool place when an American delegation visited England.
  • Potsdam conference was held in 1945.
  • Mamoon Abdul Gavvum (PM of Maldives) said SAARC is a brain child.
  • Napolean I, first person to call English a nation of shopkeepers.
  • Genius is one percent inspiration and 99 percent perspiration; these words are said by Thomas A. Edison.
    • Hippocrates said that extreme remedies are most appropriate for extreme disease.
  • Archimedes said that give me but one firm spot on which to stand, and I will move the earth.
  • Leonardo da vinci observed that every man – at three years old- is half his height.
  • Darse Ninamia was introduced in Indo-Pak by Mulla Mizam Ud Din.
  • Interpol was founded in 1923 in what city- Vienna
  • The Asian development bank established in 1966 with headquarter located at MANILA (philipines).
  • Eqypt , Iraq , jorden , Lebanon , Saudi Arab , Syria and Yemen are the founder nations of the arab league.
    • Asian development bank was established in 1966 with headquarter located at manila(philipine)
  • The International court of Justice is located in Hague,Holland
  • WHO is not the principal organ of the United Nations.
  • Declaration of Human Rights was adopted on Dec: 10, 1948.
  • Green Peace has no formal structure and Secretariat.
  • Who were the three statesmen who formulated Non-Aligned Movement (NAM): Nehru, Nasser, Tito

  • international headquarter of Transparency International (TI}

is located in Berlin, Germany. The founder of the organisation is Peter Eigen

  • The permanent Secretariat of SAARC is established at: Khatmandu
  • How many official working languages are recognized by UNO:6
  • Who was the first Asian Secretary General of the United Nations? U. Thant
  • Baden Powel was the founder of Boy Scout and Civil Guides Movement.
  • CIS are 11 independent states of the former Soviet Union known as Commonwealth of Independent States.

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